Osteo-K FAQ: Bone Density Scans and Fracture Risk

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General Osteo-K Questions About osteoporosis
Who should I take Osteo-K Osteoporosis diagnosis
Osteo-K and the FDA Osteoporosis risks
How to take Osteo-K Medications and diseases that cause osteoporosis and fractures
Osteo-K, calcium and your other supplements Bone density scans and fracture risk
Osteo-K and drug interactions Osteoporosis treatments

MK4, bone building and fracture prevention

Calcium and osteoporosis

Q: What is a bone density scan?
It's a special test, called dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). It quantifies the amount of minerals in bone. This test tells people their bone mineral density (BMD).

Q: Does bone mineral density (BMD) predict fracture risk?
Not very well. BMD only predicts 44% of elderly (65 years or older) women and 21% of elderly men who will get a fracture.

Q: Should I get a bone density test?
In 2007 the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists published screening guidelines. They recommend all postmenopausal women get a bone density test if: (1) they get a fracture, or (2) are 65 years or older, or (3) are younger than 65 years with one or more risk factors. 

Q: How can I know my risk factors for fracture?
Many variables contribute to fracture risk. Having a previous fracture is a strong indicator of risk. Some medications also increase risk. People who don't exercise have a greater chance of falling and breaking a bone than those who exercise. Your healthcare provider may be able to help you better understand your risk.

Recently the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) created the free, online Fracture Risk Assessment (FRAX) tool, which is available at http://www.shef.ac.uk/FRAX/index.htm. While it misses many risk factors, it's a good start in educating the public that the most important aspect of osteoporosis is not a DEXA scan, but rather it's the risk for breaking a bone.

Q: Where on the body is the BMD test taken?
Typically the lumbar spine and hip, or the wrist and heel, are tested. However, only the lumbar spine and hip are considered the "gold standard." When BMD tests are run in hospitals they test the lumbar spine and hip.